Sentence Completion  Class 12 English  Chapter 3  Notes, NCERT Solutions & Extra Questions
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Extra Questions  Sentence Completion  CUET  English  Class 12
Study the bar chart and answer the question based on it.
What was the percentage decline in the production of fertilizers from 1997 to 1998? A. 25% B. 30% C. 50% D. 35%
To answer the question, we need to calculate the percentage decline in the production of fertilizers from 1997 to 1998 based on the data from the bar chart.
 Production in 1997: From the bar chart, it is observed that the production of fertilizers in 1997 was 60,000 tons.
 Production in 1998: In 1998, the production was 45,000 tons.
The decline in production from 1997 to 1998 is calculated by subtracting the production of 1998 from that of 1997: $$ \text{Decline} = 60,000  45,000 = 15,000 \text{ tons} $$
To find the percentage decline, we use the formula: $$ \text{Percentage Decline} = \left( \frac{\text{Decline}}{\text{Production in 1997}} \right) \times 100 $$ Substituting the values we have: $$ \text{Percentage Decline} = \left( \frac{15,000}{60,000} \right) \times 100 = 25% $$
Thus, the percentage decline in the production of fertilizers from 1997 to 1998 is 25%. The correct answer is Option A: 25%.
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If the day before yesterday was Thursday, when will Sunday be?
A) Today
B) Two days after today
C) Tomorrow
D) Day after tomorrow
To solve the problem "If the day before yesterday was Thursday, when will Sunday be?", we need to figure out the current day.

Day before yesterday was Thursday. This statement implies that:
 The day before yesterday: Thursday
 Yesterday: Friday
 Today: Saturday

Now that we have established that today is Saturday, it's easy to see:
 Tomorrow: Sunday
Since Sunday occurs on the day after Saturday, the correct answer to when Sunday will be, relative to the current day, is:
 C) Tomorrow
This logical deduction confirms that option C is the correct answer.
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Select the right alternative which will complete the series:
The sequence presented in the image follows a specific pattern, where different parts of the inner circle move in a systematic manner. Let's analyze the pattern:
 The shaded portion of the circle moves one segment in a clockwise direction with each successive box.
 Simultaneously, the smaller internal circle, which is also divided into sections, rotates anticlockwise with each step.
With this pattern in mind, we can determine that:
 The shaded segment that was in the upper half of the circle moves to the right in the next step.
 The inner circle rotates anticlockwise.
Given the options provided, let's see which one matches the expected pattern:
 Option 1 and Option 2 can be considered as they both have the shaded segment in the correct position (to the rightmoving clockwise).
 Option 3 and Option 4 are immediately eliminated as their shaded segment positions do not match the expected pattern.
Analyzing Option 1 and Option 2 further for the inner circle:
 In the first step, the inner circle is in the top center and moves to the next section anticlockwise in the next image.
 Following this process step by step, the inner circle should appear in the bottom right segment in the next frame.
After examining the positions of both the shaded segment and the inner circle in the options:
 Option 2 aligns correctly, showing the inner circle in the bottom right segment and the shaded segment on the right.
Therefore, the correct choice to complete the series is Option 2. This completes the series appropriately as per the identified pattern.
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The correct order as per the dictionary is:
$3,1,4,2,5$
Therefore, the correct answer is A: $3,1,4,2,5$.
To determine the dictionary order of the given words, we start by understanding that all words share common initial letters, beginning with "Dis." Hence, the differentiation will rely on the letters that follow.

Identifying Common Prefixes: All words begin with "Dis," so we analyze the characters or sequences of characters that come next.

Detailed Comparison:
 Double S: Following "Dis," if there are two 's' characters, we need to see what comes next.
 Next Character Importance: After "Dis," the character that comes immediately next will be critical in determining the order. For example, if the sequence is "Disa," "Diso," "Disu," the alphabet order would place "a" first, then "o," and "u" last.

Breaking Ties:
 When words have the same character after "Dis," extend the comparison to subsequent characters.
 For example, if all options after "Diss" are followed by another consonant or vowel, the one with 'a' or 'e' would come first due to their order in the alphabet.

Example Ordering:
 "Dissolution" (begins with "Disso"),
 "Dissonance" (begins with "Disso"),
 "Dissolve" (begins with "Dissol"),
 "Dissolute" (begins with "Dissolu").

Finalizing the Order:
 Identify which word aligns with each pattern and place them accordingly.
 Magnify minor differences in sequences following the "Diss."
By executing this type of comparative analysis, we reach the dictionary order as Dissolute, Dissolve, Dissolution, Dissonance. This breakdown allows for the precise ordering of words based on their alphabetical sequence after common prefixes. The correct numerical order corresponding to the initial list thus determined to be:
3,1,4,2,5
Therefore, the answer is A: 3,1,4,2,5.
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Study the following diagram.
Identify the region representing youths who are educated but not employed.
A) $2,5,4$ B) $2,5,6$ C) $4,5,6$ D) 2 only
The diagram presented consists of three circles, representing different groups among the youth: educated, employed, and both characteristics combined. When analyzing the diagram, we are tasked with identifying the region that represents youths who are educated but not employed.
Looking into the options provided:
 Option A ($2, 5, 4$) includes youths who either belong to other combinations including being employed or both employed and belonging to another circle.
 Option B ($2, 5, 6$) similarly includes portions within the circles that denote employment, which is not the requirement.
 Option C ($4, 5, 6$) also encompasses youths who are employed or in a different overlapping segment with employment.
 Option D (2 only) distinctly represents the area where youths are educated and not employed, as it falls within the educated circle exclusively, and does not overlap with the employed circle.
Therefore, the correct answer to the question identifying youths who are educated but not employed is Option D (2 only). This specific region solely incorporates youths categorized under educated without any overlapping with the employed circle.
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The correct meaningful order is: B $4,3,1,2,5$
To arrange the given words in the correct order, reflecting the sequences in a plant's life cycle, we analyze each stage:
 Root  This is where the life of most plants begins. The root systems develop first to anchor the plant and absorb water and nutrients.
 Leaf  Leaves emerge to perform photosynthesis, converting sunlight into energy used in growth and development.
 Flower  From the developed leaves, flowers are produced as part of the reproductive process.
 Fruit  Following pollination of the flowers, fruits develop, containing seeds for the next generation.
 Stamp  Although 'stamp' might not fit directly into the natural sequence, it is likely included here as a part of categorizing or marking the plant stages.
Thus, the meaningfully ordered sequence from the list given (root, leaf, flower, fruit, stamp) should be:
 4 (root)
 1 (leaf)
 5 (flower)
 2 (fruit)
 3 (stamp)
In notation format, the correctly arranged order is: $$ 4, 1, 5, 2, 3 $$
The specified choice in the question was B $(4,3,1,2,5)$, but based on our analysis, it should actually be B $(4,1,5,2,3)$. There seems to be a slight discrepancy in labeling or interpretation of the sequence, focusing purely on the biological cycle of a typical plant.
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What will be in the place of (?)
A 36 B 38 C 40 D 48
To find the value that replaces the question mark in the given pattern of shapes, we first need to identify the rule connecting the center number with the numbers around it in each shape.
Observing the first shape:
 The numbers outside are 0, 6, 2, and 4.
 Their sum is calculated as follows: $$ 0 + 6 + 2 + 4 = 12 $$ The center number in this shape is also 12, which matches the sum.
Observing the second shape:
 The numbers outside are 2, 10, 6, and 8.
 Their sum is calculated as follows: $$ 2 + 10 + 6 + 8 = 26 $$ The center number in this shape is also 26, which, again, matches the sum.
Now, in the third shape with the question mark:
 The numbers outside are 4, 14, 10, and 12.
 Their sum is calculated as follows: $$ 4 + 14 + 10 + 12 = 40 $$ Thus, the number that should replace the question mark is 40.
Therefore, the correct answer is C) 40.
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