1000 questions & answers

What is the angle of inclination of the earth’s axis with its orbital plane?

Define rotation and revolution.

What is a leap year?

Differentiate between the Summer and Winter Solstice

What is an equinox?

Why does the Southern Hemisphere experience Winter and Summer Solstice in different times than that of the Northern Hemisphere?

Why do the poles experience about six months day and six months night?

Tick the correct answers.

(a) The movement of the earth around the sun is known as
(i) Rotation (ii) Revolution (iii) Inclination

(b) Direct rays of the sun fall on the equator on
(i) 21 March (ii) 21 June (iii) 22 December

(c) Christmas is celebrated in summer in
(i) Japan (ii) India (iii) Australia

(d) Cycle of the seasons is caused due to
(i) Rotation (ii) Revolution (iii) Gravitation

Fill in the blanks.

(a) A leap year has _______________ number of days.
(b) The daily motion of the earth is _______________.
(c) The earth travels around the sun in ______________ orbit.
(d) The sun’s rays fall vertically on the Tropic of ___________ on 21st June.
(e) Days are shorter during ___________ season.

What are the three components of a map?

What are the four cardinal directions?

What do you mean by the term ‘the scale of the map’?

How are maps more helpful than a globe?

Distinguish between a map and a plan.

Which map provides detailed information?

How do symbols help in reading maps?

Tick the correct answers.

(a) Maps showing distribution of forests are
(i) Physical map (ii) Thematic Map (iii) Political map

(b) The blue colour is used for showing
(i) Water bodies (ii) Mountains (iii) Plains

(c) A compass is used –
(i) To show symbols
(ii) To find the main direction
(iii) To measure distance

(d) A scale is necessary
(i) For a map (ii) For a sketch (iii) For symbols

What are the four major domains of the earth?

Name the major continents of the earth.

Name the two continents that lie entirely in the Southern Hemisphere.