1 / 39

Tenth May dawned bright and clear. For the past few days I had been pleasantly besieged bydignitaries and world leaders who were coming to pay their respects before the inauguration.The inauguration would be the largest gathering ever of international leaders on South African soil.The ceremonies took place in the lovely sandstone amphitheatre formed by the Union Buildings in Pretoria. For decades this had been the seat of white supremacy, and now it was the site of a rainbow gathering of different colours and nations for the installation of South Africa’s firstdemocratic, non-racial government. a. Who were coming and for what before the inauguration? b. What happened on the inauguration? c. Find the word that means the same as ‘commencement’ from the passage.

a. Dignitaries and world leaders were coming to pay their respects before the inauguration. b. At the inauguration a non racial democratic government came to power. for the first time a black was elected to be the president of the nation. c. The word is inauguration.

2 / 39

On that lovely autumn day I was accompanied by my daughter Zenani. On the podium, Mr de Klerk was first sworn in as second deputy president. Then Thabo Mbeki was sworn in as first deputy president. When it was my turn, I pledged to obey and uphold the Constitution and to devote myself to the wellbeing of the Republic and its people. a. Who accompanied Nelson Mandela to the podium and for what? b. Who took the oath before Mandela and for what? c. Find the same meaning word for ‘maintain.’

3 / 39

A few moments later we all lifted our eyes in awe as a spectacular array of South African jets, helicopters and troop carriers roared in perfect formation over the Union Buildings. It was not only a display of pinpoint precision and military force, but a demonstration of the military’s loyalty to democracy, to a new government that had been freely and fairly elected. Only moments before, the highest generals of the South African defence force and police, their chests bedecked with ribbons and medals from days gone by, saluted me and pledged their loyalty. I was not unmindful of the fact that not so many years before they would not have saluted but arrested me. Finally a chevron of Impala jets left a smoke trail of the black, red, green, blue and gold of the new South African flag. a. What did the array of jets symbolised? b. What did the Impala jet do? c. Pick out the word from the extract which means ‘adorned’.

4 / 39

On the day of the inauguration, I was overwhelmed with a sense of history. In the first decade of the twentieth century, a few years after the bitter Anglo-Boer war and before my own birth, the white-skinned peoples of South Africa patched up their differences and erected a system of racial domination against the dark-skinned peoples of their own land. The structure they created formed the basis of one of the harshest, most inhumane, societies the world has ever known. Now, in the last decade of the twentieth century, and my own eighth decade as a man, that system had been overturned forever and replaced by one that recognised the rights and freedoms of all peoples, regardless of the colour of their skin. a. What happened after the Anglo-Boer war? b. How has the structure been described? c. Give another word for ‘oppression’.

5 / 39

It is from these comrades in the struggle that I learned the meaning of courage. Time and again, I have seen men and women risk and give their lives for an idea. I have seen men stand up to attacks and torture without breaking, showing a strength and resilience that defies the imagination. I learned that courage was not the absence of fear, but the triumph over it. The brave man is not he who does not feel afraid, but he who conquers that fear. a. Who does ‘comrades’ refer to? b. How does Mandela describe courage? c. Explain ‘resilience that defies the imagination’.

6 / 39

Where did the ceremonies take place? Can you name any public buildings in India that are made of sandstone?

7 / 39

Can you say how 10 May is an ‘autumn day’ in South Africa?

8 / 39

At the beginning of his speech, Mandela mentions ‘an extra ordinary human disaster.’ What is the ‘glorious….. human achievements’ he speaks of at the end?

9 / 39

What does Mandela thank the international leaders for?

10 / 39

What ideals does he set out for the future of South Africa?

11 / 39

What will be the outcome of this liberty according to Mandela?

12 / 39

Why were they considered ‘outlaws’ and what had changed?

13 / 39

What do the military generals do? how has their attitude changed and why?

14 / 39

Why were two national anthems sung?

15 / 39

How does Mandela describe the systems of government in his country. (i) in the first decade (ii) in the final decade of the twentieth century?

16 / 39

What does courage mean to Mandela?

17 / 39

Which does he think is natural, to love or to hate?

18 / 39

At was the ‘spectacular array’? what did it demonstrate?

19 / 39

What words according to Mandela all know by heart soon?

20 / 39

How has the policy of apartheid affected the South African nation negatively?

21 / 39

What has been the unintended effect of apartheid?

22 / 39

What does Mandela consider to be the greatest wealth of a nation?

23 / 39

What did Nelson Mandela learn from his comrades in the struggle for freedom?

24 / 39

What twin obligation does Mandela mention?

25 / 39

Does Mandela think the oppressor is free? Why/why not?

26 / 39

What does Mandela mean when he says he is “simply the sum of all thoseAfrican patriots” who had gone before him?

27 / 39

Why did such a large number of international leaders attend the inauguration? What did it signify the triumph of?

28 / 39

What promise does Mandela make in the beginning of opening of his oath-taking speech?

29 / 39

What did Mandela think for oppressor and oppressed?

30 / 39

What do you understand by Apartheid’.

31 / 39

Describe the effect of the policy of apartheid on the people of South Africa.

32 / 39

What did Mandela realise about his brothers and sisters?

33 / 39

How did Nelson Mandela feel on the day of the inauguration?

34 / 39

Explain ‘Man’s goodness is a flame that can be hidden but never extinguished.’

35 / 39

How did Mandela’s understanding of freedom change with age and experience?

36 / 39

How did Mandela’s ‘hunger for freedom’ change his life?

37 / 39

How did Mandela’s understanding of freedom change with age and experience?

38 / 39

Would you agree that the "depths of oppression" create "heights of character"? How does Mandela illustrate this? Can you add your own examples to this argument?

39 / 39

How freedom and responsibilities go hand in hand? (Nelson Mandela)

Nelson Mandela
Nelson Mandela

1 / 39

Tenth May dawned bright and clear. For the past few days I had been pleasantly besieged bydignitaries and world leaders who were coming to pay their respects before the inauguration.The inauguration would be the largest gathering ever of international leaders on South African soil.The ceremonies took place in the lovely sandstone amphitheatre formed by the Union Buildings in Pretoria. For decades this had been the seat of white supremacy, and now it was the site of a rainbow gathering of different colours and nations for the installation of South Africa’s firstdemocratic, non-racial government. a. Who were coming and for what before the inauguration? b. What happened on the inauguration? c. Find the word that means the same as ‘commencement’ from the passage.

a. Dignitaries and world leaders were coming to pay their respects before the inauguration. b. At the inauguration a non racial democratic government came to power. for the first time a black was elected to be the president of the nation. c. The word is inauguration.

2 / 39

On that lovely autumn day I was accompanied by my daughter Zenani. On the podium, Mr de Klerk was first sworn in as second deputy president. Then Thabo Mbeki was sworn in as first deputy president. When it was my turn, I pledged to obey and uphold the Constitution and to devote myself to the wellbeing of the Republic and its people. a. Who accompanied Nelson Mandela to the podium and for what? b. Who took the oath before Mandela and for what? c. Find the same meaning word for ‘maintain.’

3 / 39

A few moments later we all lifted our eyes in awe as a spectacular array of South African jets, helicopters and troop carriers roared in perfect formation over the Union Buildings. It was not only a display of pinpoint precision and military force, but a demonstration of the military’s loyalty to democracy, to a new government that had been freely and fairly elected. Only moments before, the highest generals of the South African defence force and police, their chests bedecked with ribbons and medals from days gone by, saluted me and pledged their loyalty. I was not unmindful of the fact that not so many years before they would not have saluted but arrested me. Finally a chevron of Impala jets left a smoke trail of the black, red, green, blue and gold of the new South African flag. a. What did the array of jets symbolised? b. What did the Impala jet do? c. Pick out the word from the extract which means ‘adorned’.

4 / 39

On the day of the inauguration, I was overwhelmed with a sense of history. In the first decade of the twentieth century, a few years after the bitter Anglo-Boer war and before my own birth, the white-skinned peoples of South Africa patched up their differences and erected a system of racial domination against the dark-skinned peoples of their own land. The structure they created formed the basis of one of the harshest, most inhumane, societies the world has ever known. Now, in the last decade of the twentieth century, and my own eighth decade as a man, that system had been overturned forever and replaced by one that recognised the rights and freedoms of all peoples, regardless of the colour of their skin. a. What happened after the Anglo-Boer war? b. How has the structure been described? c. Give another word for ‘oppression’.

5 / 39

It is from these comrades in the struggle that I learned the meaning of courage. Time and again, I have seen men and women risk and give their lives for an idea. I have seen men stand up to attacks and torture without breaking, showing a strength and resilience that defies the imagination. I learned that courage was not the absence of fear, but the triumph over it. The brave man is not he who does not feel afraid, but he who conquers that fear. a. Who does ‘comrades’ refer to? b. How does Mandela describe courage? c. Explain ‘resilience that defies the imagination’.

6 / 39

Where did the ceremonies take place? Can you name any public buildings in India that are made of sandstone?

7 / 39

Can you say how 10 May is an ‘autumn day’ in South Africa?

8 / 39

At the beginning of his speech, Mandela mentions ‘an extra ordinary human disaster.’ What is the ‘glorious….. human achievements’ he speaks of at the end?

9 / 39

What does Mandela thank the international leaders for?

10 / 39

What ideals does he set out for the future of South Africa?

11 / 39

What will be the outcome of this liberty according to Mandela?

12 / 39

Why were they considered ‘outlaws’ and what had changed?

13 / 39

What do the military generals do? how has their attitude changed and why?

14 / 39

Why were two national anthems sung?

15 / 39

How does Mandela describe the systems of government in his country. (i) in the first decade (ii) in the final decade of the twentieth century?

16 / 39

What does courage mean to Mandela?

17 / 39

Which does he think is natural, to love or to hate?

18 / 39

At was the ‘spectacular array’? what did it demonstrate?

19 / 39

What words according to Mandela all know by heart soon?

20 / 39

How has the policy of apartheid affected the South African nation negatively?

21 / 39

What has been the unintended effect of apartheid?

22 / 39

What does Mandela consider to be the greatest wealth of a nation?

23 / 39

What did Nelson Mandela learn from his comrades in the struggle for freedom?

24 / 39

What twin obligation does Mandela mention?

25 / 39

Does Mandela think the oppressor is free? Why/why not?

26 / 39

What does Mandela mean when he says he is “simply the sum of all thoseAfrican patriots” who had gone before him?

27 / 39

Why did such a large number of international leaders attend the inauguration? What did it signify the triumph of?

28 / 39

What promise does Mandela make in the beginning of opening of his oath-taking speech?

29 / 39

What did Mandela think for oppressor and oppressed?

30 / 39

What do you understand by Apartheid’.

31 / 39

Describe the effect of the policy of apartheid on the people of South Africa.

32 / 39

What did Mandela realise about his brothers and sisters?

33 / 39

How did Nelson Mandela feel on the day of the inauguration?

34 / 39

Explain ‘Man’s goodness is a flame that can be hidden but never extinguished.’

35 / 39

How did Mandela’s understanding of freedom change with age and experience?

36 / 39

How did Mandela’s ‘hunger for freedom’ change his life?

37 / 39

How did Mandela’s understanding of freedom change with age and experience?

38 / 39

Would you agree that the "depths of oppression" create "heights of character"? How does Mandela illustrate this? Can you add your own examples to this argument?

39 / 39

How freedom and responsibilities go hand in hand? (Nelson Mandela)

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Class 10 English CBSE Language and Literature - The Complete A-Z Course

₹5249

₹10,548

The Class 10 English CBSE Language and Literature - The Complete A-Z Course is a fully-featured course for students of Class 10 English NCERT Language & Literature and includes Footprints Without Feet, First Flight, grammar, reading and writing. It includes hundreds of animated videos , detailed and original questions and answers, hundreds of HOTS questions along with their answers, and thousands of practice questions. And it doesn’t just cover literature, we cover reading, writing, and grammar too, so you never lag behind.

72 hours

This course packs more than 72 hours of content. It's a race against time, and we are rooting for you

4.51 average rating

Students loved this course so, so much, that we earned a 4.51 rating. That is also why we're sure you'll love it too

2,701 enrolled students

A thriving community with keen learners like yourself

965 minutes of video

Who said you can only binge-watch Netflix?

What you'll learn?

  • A firm understanding of all the chapters in your prescribed book
  • A complete curriculum designed to help you study smarter
  • Basic and advanced grammar topics, everything from articles to clauses
  • Templates for writing sections
  • Animated videos explaining every chapter and topic
  • Practice questions to test your understanding
  • Thousands of original Q&A's with each chapter
  • Line-by-line explanation in Hindi
  • Reading materials and summaries with all topics
  • Premium doubt support - ask us anything, anytime
  • Tips and tricks for your exams
  • Request for additional content
  • Constant guidance and updates about latest changes
  • Scientifically designed course to solidify your basics

What's it about?

The Class 10 English CBSE Language and Literature - The Complete A-Z Course is a fully-featured course for students of Class 10 English NCERT Language & Literature and includes Footprints Without Feet, First Flight, grammar, reading and writing. It includes hundreds of animated videos , detailed and original questions and answers, hundreds of HOTS questions along with their answers, and thousands of practice questions. And it doesn’t just cover literature, we cover reading, writing, and grammar too, so you never lag behind.


This course is regularly updated, because these are fickle times we live in. This course will always stay up to date with the CBSE curriculum and is even now in sync with it. We’ve updated our course to include thorough examinations of discursive passages, case-based passages, and the newly added value-based questions.

Here’s all that’s included in this course:

  • Literature – All chapters from Footprints without Feet First Flight.
  • Grammar – All grammar topics prescribed by the latest CBSE syllabus.
  • Reading – Includes in-depth explanations of both discursive and case-based passages.
  • Writing - Ready-to-use templates for all writing topics including applicationslettersinitiations

What’s special about this course?

Animated Videos

  • The entire chapter is explained line-by-line with the help of whiteboard animations, characters, and videos, because if we want to hold your attention, it’s got to be more interesting than the book, and we promise you, it is. 
  • We’ve split the videos into bite-sized snippets so it’s easier for you to stay attentive for longer and understand and grasp the content explained better. 
  • The chapter has been brought to life by our founder, Meenu Sethi, who’s been educating for more than three decades, and has been applauded for her voice on YouTube (barring the creepy comments). She has a knack for explaining even the toughest of lines in the simplest of words, turning these chapter into bite-sized pieces of cake.

Practice Quizzes

  • Once you’ve watched and understood the chapter, you can then move on to these practice quizzes to test your understanding
  • The results are presented instantaneously, along with where you went wrong and what were the correct answer. 
  • Each lesson is accompanied by a practice quiz, so if you’ve just watched a 2-minute video, you can then jump on to the quiz and check if you’ve really understood the topic or did you space out. 
  • These quizzes have multiple choice questions, multiple answer questions, and fill in the blanks.

Summaries & Reading Materials

  • In a hurry? Don’t worry, we’ve got you covered. 
  • If you just want to understand the concept or brush up on your syllabus, these reading materials will be your best friend. 
  • All of the materials have been curated and proof-read, so they are all high-quality, well explained pieces to supplement your learning journey.

Questions & Answers

  • All the literature chapters come with original and extremely thorough questions and answers
  • These include exercises present in the original books along with a ton of brand-new questions
  • These too have been split up for easy consumption, so after you’ve watched the video, attempted the quiz, and gone through the reading materials, you can go through these questions and answers to fully absorb the chapter.



Writing Templates

  • These are like plug-and-play hardware. 
  • All the topics in writing sections: formal and informal letters, applications, invitations can be hard to write from scratch every time, so we include easy-to-memorise templates crafted just for you. 
  • Just put in the words related to the topic and you have a letter or an application ready to go.

What if something’s missing?

We continuously strive to update our course as and when the curriculum is updated, but there might be times when we lag behind. With our “Request for Content” feature, you can now request for any missing or additional content right within your portal, and it’ll be delivered to your dashboard promptly.

I have a problem. Who can I contact?

You can WhatsApp us by clicking here, or you can approach us the old-fashioned way by emailing us here. You can even call us at +91-9910954830.

What should I know before joining this course?

There are no pre-requisites for this course, but you should be able to read English. If this course covers your curriculum, you can join it even if you’ve never studied it before.

Who is this course for?

Every student of class 12 who studies English. This course is meant to take you from zero to hundred, so no matter where you are on your journey, whether you’re just starting or are an experienced learner, this course will help you build your knowledge and learn better and smarter.

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