Question

Which part of the plant is best suited for making virus-free plants and why?

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Answer

The meristematic tissue (specifically the apical and axillary meristems) is best suited for making virus-free plants. This is because meristematic regions are usually free from viral infections even if the rest of the plant is infected. Therefore, by extracting and culturing the meristem tissues in vitro, it is possible to generate virus-free plants.

Here's a brief process:

  1. Extract the meristem from an infected plant.

  2. Cultivate it in a sterile, nutrient-rich medium to grow virus-free plants.

This method has been successfully used for plants like banana, sugarcane, and potato.


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