Which of the following is/are asexual modes of reproduction in plants? I: Pollination II: Vegetative propagation III: Fragmentation IV: Spore formation

  • Option 1) I and III
  • Option 2) II and III
  • Option 3) I, II, III and IV
  • Option 4) II, III and IV

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The correct option is 4) II, III, and IV

Asexual reproduction in plants involves the generation of new individuals without the fusion of gametes, resulting in offspring that are genetically identical to their parents. The modes of asexual reproduction in plants include:

  • Vegetative propagation
  • Fragmentation
  • Spore formation

Pollination, on the other hand, is a process associated with sexual reproduction and involves the transfer of gametes. Therefore, the correct choices are II, III, and IV.

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