What is the meaning of the terms 'encoding', 'storage' and 'retrieval'?

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Encoding, storage, and retrieval are the three interrelated stages of memory. Encoding is the first stage, involving the recording and registering of initial information, making it usable for the memory system. Storage is the second stage, where information is retained and held over time for future use. Retrieval is the third stage, where stored information is brought into awareness to perform various cognitive tasks. Failures in memory can occur at any of these stages: improper encoding, weak storage, or failed retrieval. These stages are central to understanding how we process and recall information.

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