Question

Statement:

Benzene and ethene both react with electrophilic reagents. Benzene and ethene both have loosely bound π-electrons, which can be donated to the vacant orbital of the electrophile.

Options:

  1. Statement is true; Statement 2 is true; Statement 2 is a correct explanation for statement 1
  2. Statement is true; Statement 2 is true; Statement 2 is NOT a correct explanation for statement 1
  3. Statement is true; Statement 2 is false
  4. Statement is false; Statement 2 is true

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Answer

:

The correct option is 1): Statement-1 is true; Statement-2 is true; Statement-2 is a correct explanation for Statement-1.

Explanation:

Electrophilic reagents are chemical species that, during chemical reactions, acquire electrons from molecules or ions with high electron density. These electrophilic reagents are typically electron-deficient species. Benzene and ethene both exhibit high electron density due to their loosely bound $\pi$-electrons. This characteristic enables them to donate electrons easily to electrophiles, making Statement-2 a valid and correct explanation for Statement-1.


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