Question

Statement A: Action and reaction act on two different bodies. Statement B: Action and reaction never cancel each other. A: A & B are correct
B: A & B are wrong
C: A is correct and B is wrong
D: A is wrong and B is correct

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Answer

To determine the correctness of statements A and B, let’s recall Newton's Third Law of Motion, which states: For every action, there is an equal and opposite reaction. This law implies several important points regarding the nature of action and reaction forces.

Explanation

  1. Statement A: "Action and reaction act on two different bodies."

    • This statement is correct. According to Newton's Third Law, the action and reaction forces do not act on the same object. Instead, they act on two distinct bodies. For instance, if you push on a wall, your hand exerts a force on the wall (action), and the wall exerts an equal and opposite force back onto your hand (reaction), showing that these forces act on different objects.
  2. Statement B: "Action and reaction never cancel each other."

    • This statement is also correct. Since action and reaction forces act on different bodies, they do not cancel each other out. Forces can only cancel each other when they are equal in magnitude but opposite in direction and act on the same body. Since action and reaction forces act on different bodies, they do not fulfill this condition and thus do not cancel each other.

Conclusion

Both statements A and B align with the principles of Newton's Third Law. Therefore, the correct answer is:

A: Both A and B are correct

  • Statement A: correct. Action and reaction forces act on different bodies.
  • Statement B: correct. Action and reaction forces never cancel each other because they act on different bodies.

Final Answer: A


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