Sodium metal generally forms:

  • Anions

  • Cations

  • Radicals

  • Covalent bonds

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The correct option is B: Cations.

A sodium atom has one electron in its outermost shell (M shell). When this electron is lost, the M shell is no longer the outermost shell, making the L shell the new outermost shell with a stable octet configuration. As a result, Na forms a cation very easily.

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