Question

  • Option 1) {:("P","Q","R","S"),(3,2,4,1):}
  • Option 2) {:("P","Q","R","S"),(1,2,3,4):}
  • Option 3) {:("P","Q","R","S"),(4,3,2,1):}
  • Option 4) {:("P","Q","R","S"),(1,4,2,3):} Image

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Answer

Explanation:

To match the reactions in column I with the products in column II, we need to analyze each reaction and determine which product corresponds to it.

  1. Reaction P: ( \text{Benzoic acid} + \text{NaHCO}_3 \rightarrow \text{Product} )

    • This will produce CO$_2$ (carbon dioxide).
  2. Reaction Q: ( \text{Carboxylic acid labeled } {^{14}CO}_2\text{H} + \text{NaHCO}_3 \rightarrow \text{Product} )

    • This will produce labeled {^{14}CO}_2.
  3. Reaction R: ( \text{Benzoic acid} + \text{Na} \rightarrow \text{Product} )

    • This will produce H$_2$ (hydrogen gas).
  4. Reaction S: ( \text{Sulfanilic acid} + \text{NaNH}_2 \rightarrow \text{Product} )

    • This will produce NH$_3$ (ammonia gas).

Based on these observations, the correct matching is:

  • ( P \rightarrow 3 )
  • ( Q \rightarrow 2 )
  • ( R \rightarrow 4 )
  • ( S \rightarrow 1 )

Therefore, the correct option is:

Option 1: {:("P","Q","R","S"),(3,2,4,1):}

Final Answer: A


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