Question

Name the first scientist who studied the inheritance of traits from one generation to the next.

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Answer

Gregor Mendel

Gregor Mendel

Gregor Mendel was an Austrian monk who undertook extensive research over 8 years (1856-1863). His experiments were conducted primarily on the garden pea (Pisum sativum). Mendel was unsatisfied with traditional explanations of trait inheritance.

Through crossbreeding different varieties, he meticulously tracked how traits were transferred from one generation to the next. This massive effort included work with approximately 28,000 pea plants.


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