Question

Hydrolysis of methyl cyanide with dil. mineral acid gives:

  • Methanal
  • Methanone
  • Methanamine
  • Ethanoic acid

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Answer

The correct option is D: Ethanoic acid

Hydrolysis of methyl cyanide ($CH_3CN$) with dilute mineral acid follows this reaction pathway:

$$ CH_3CN + 2H_2O + HCl \rightarrow CH_3COOH + NH_4Cl $$

In this reaction, methyl cyanide (also known as acetonitrile) reacts with water and a mineral acid (like HCl) to form ethanoic acid (acetic acid) and ammonium chloride. This process involves the addition of water molecules leading to the breakdown of the cyano group into a carboxylic acid group.


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