Question

How would Horney's explanation of depression be different from that of Alfred Adler?

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Answer

Karen Horney and Alfred Adler both offered distinctive views on psychological issues like depression, diverging from Freud's theories, yet their explanations differ significantly:

Karen Horney's View:

Horney emphasized the importance of interpersonal relationships and childhood experiences in the development of neuroses like depression. She believed that if a child feels isolated, unloved, or indifferent due to disturbed parental relationships, it leads to basic anxiety. This anxiety, when unresolved, manifests as neuroses, including depression. Horney argued that such feelings might also lead to a deep resentment known as basic hostility when the child feels unsafe or neglected.

Alfred Product. Alder's Explanation:

Alder's theory, known as Individual Psychology, posits that the root of depression can often be traced back to feelings of inferiority that start in childhood. Adler believed that when individuals feel inadequate or inferior and perceive themselves unable to overcome these deficiencies, they may develop depression. He emphasized the role of a striving for superiority or success as a compensation for these feelings of inferiority. When this compensation is thwarted, it can result in depressive symptoms.

In summary, Horney viewed depression as stemming from anxiety and unresolved interpersonal conflicts during childhood, focusing on the social and emotional conditions of the child's life. Adler, on the other hand, emphasized the individual's struggle with feelings of inferiority and the challenges in overcoming these feelings as central to the development of depression. Both perspectives highlight the role of childhood experiences but differ in the mechanisms they propose for how these experiences lead to depression.


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