Describe how communities have conserved and protected forests and wildlife in India?

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In India, community-driven conservation efforts have been pivotal in preserving forests and wildlife. Sacred Groves, protected patches of forest worshiped and left undisturbed by local communities, exemplify traditional conservation methods that respect nature's sanctity. The Joint Forest Management (JFM) program collaborates with village institutions to protect and manage degraded forest land, rewarding communities with non-timber forest produces and a share in the timber harvested. Initiatives like the Chipko Movement have shown robust community resistance against deforestation. Local settlements, such as those in Rajasthan, protect wildlife as an integral part of their community, illustrating a successful co-existence and collective enforcement of conservation principles. These methods highlight the crucial role of community engagement in sustainable environmental management.

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